As reported by International Data Corporation (IDC), the number of vehicles capable of level 1 autonomy will rise from 31.4 million units in 2019 to 54.2 million units in 2024. The transition toward fully autonomous vehicles is gradually being realized by the inventions of innovative automobile safety technologies, such as ADAS, Autopilot, etc. These new technologies enable the safe and efficient operation of new vehicles and move the automobile market toward an increasingly autonomous future.
SAE International recently unveiled a new visual chart below that clarifies its J3016 “Levels of Driving Automation” standard.
- SAE Level 0 — no automation: Manually controlled. All driving tasks are performed by the human driver (steering, accelerating and braking, etc).
- SAE Level 1 — driver assistance: Autonomous driving functions (ADS) may situationally assist by providing either active steering(lane centering) OR braking/acceleration (adaptive cruise control) for certain dynamic driving tasks. The driver remains responsible and in control of the vehicle and all other dynamic functions.
- SAE Level 2 — partial driving automation: The driver is responsible for all dynamic functions, the ADS will just situationally assist by providing both active steering (lane centering )AND braking/acceleration support (adaptive cruise control) for specific dynamic driving tasks.
- SAE Level 3 — conditional automation: The ADS performs all dynamic driving tasks on behalf of the driver under certain environmental and roadway situations. The driver must always remain prepared to intervene and take active control of the vehicle.
- SAE Level 4 — high automation: The ADS can perform all dynamic driving tasks under certain environmental and roadway situations.
- SAE Level 5 — full driving automation: The ADS performs all dynamic driving tasks across all combinations of the roadway and environmental conditions.
Another big change that is taking place in the automobile industry is the rise of EVs.
Even President Joe Biden has pledged to transition the U.S. economy “away front the oil industry” in his presidential debate. This objective cannot be accomplished without the electrification of transports, which accounted for nearly 70% of America’s oil consumption in 2019. Market forces and government policies are accelerating this shift in the United States and around the world. We can see the rapid growth in EVs in the past few years. Global EV sales rose a whooping 65% from 2017 to 2018, for a total of 2.1 million vehicles. Even though the growth of EV slowed down in 2019 and 2020 due to policy reasons and the outbreak of coronavirus, the electrification of transport is still one of the major trends of the 21st century.
With the mass production of electric vehicles, the manufacturing threshold of the automobile industry has been greatly reduced, there is a chance that a large number of OEM manufacturers will probably appear like the electronics industry. And the automotive industry is no longer a battlefield of production capacity, but competition in the field of new energy and autonomous driving.
Ari will start with a digital rearview mirror with 4G or 5G communication functions and cloud back-end services in the future. Ari will adapt the new technologies and continue to contribute to driving safety.